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All you need to know about Top Level Domains (TLD)

What is a Top Level Domain?

A top-level domain (TLD) is the last segment of the domain name. The TLD is the letters immediately following the final dot in an Internet address.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) identifies 4 categories of TLD:

Country-code top-level domains (ccTLD) – Each ccTLD identifies a particular country and is two letters long. The ccTLD for the United States, for example, is .us

Infrastructure top-level domain – There is only one TLD in this group, ARPA (Address and Routing Parameter Area). The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) manages this TLD for the IETF.

Sponsored top-level domains (sTLD) – These are overseen by private organizations.

Generic top-level domains (gTLD) — These are the most common and familiar TLDs. Examples include “com” for “commercial” and “edu” for “educational.” Most gTLDs are open for registration by anyone, but there is also a subgroup that is more strictly controlled.

Generic Top Level Domains.

Last year ICANN announced that over the next three years they will be releasing more than 700 new generic Top Level Domains (gTLD). Up until last year there were only 22 of these but the website address options will soon be endless.

How does this effect me?

You may find it useful to secure the gTLD’s that are relevant to your business. For example if your business provides photography services then you may want to secure These new gTLDs will help define your business and your site at what is often the first point of contact with a customer.

What do the new TLDs mean for the internet?

It means that the scope of the internet is expanding exponentially. The options for individual domain names is nearly endless with these TLD additions.

So I can just buy


The release of these gTLD’s comes in stages, these stages allow people to secure certain gTLD’s at a premium before the are released at a base level price for everyone else. This is staging is particularly important for large companies such as Google who will inevitably want to secure all of the Google gTLD’s before anyone else.

What is cybersquatting?

Cybersquatting is the act of registering a domain name with the intention of selling it on to it’s rightful owner or using the domain name for a smear campaign against the rightful owner. The risk of this happening has increased with the release of new TLDs as it provides a wider scope for squatting. A company may own the .com/ versions of their domain names but decide against purchasing the other new TLDs resulting in them being available for purchase by anyone else.

What are the new TLD’s?

Pretty much anything!


If you would like more information about the TLDs or would like to register a new domain please do not hesitate to get in contact!

Phone: 023 8024 9820



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